Skip to main content

There are several issues that can commonly cause women discomfort or pain during their period. One issue that may be experienced is referred to as a menstrual migraine. Read on to learn more about what a menstrual migraine is, what causes them, and what you can do to help relieve the pain.

What is a Menstrual Migraine?

A menstrual migraine which is also called a hormone headache is a migraine that begins a few days before or during a woman’s period. Some women experience these migraines every month during their period. A migraine is more than the average headache and there are various types of migraines.

Symptoms of a Menstrual Migraine

The symptoms of a menstrual migraine include a dull throbbing or severe pulsing headache pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, dizziness, feeling very warm or cold, loss of appetite, tender scalp, blurred vision, fever, pale skin, and sensitivity to movement, light, smells, or sound. Again, a menstrual migraine happens a few days before or during a woman’s period. The symptoms could last hours or even days.

What Causes Menstrual Migraines?

A drop in estrogen, which happens around the time of a woman’s period, is what triggers a menstrual migraine.

What To Do If You Suspect You Are Having Menstrual Migraines

If you believe that you are experiencing menstrual migraines, start tracking your symptoms, possible triggers, and your periods. Keep a written record of it on paper or electronically. Make an appointment to see your healthcare provider and share the information that you have tracked with them. They may order blood work or further testing.

How Are Menstrual Migraines Treated?

In most cases, medication and self-care techniques will be used to treat menstrual migraines. Oftentimes it is recommended to use a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID) such as Ibuprofen two to three days before your period begins and continuing until your period ends to help prevent a menstrual migraine from occurring.


  1. Menstrual migraines: Treatment, pain relief & symptoms. Cleveland Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved December 16, 2022